Structural equation modeling with factors and composites: A comparison of four methods
International Journal of e-Collaboration
Recent methodological developments building on partial least squares (PLS) techniques and related ideas have significantly contributed to bridging the gap between factor-based and composite-based structural equation modeling (SEM) methods. PLS-SEM is extensively used in the field of e-collaboration, as well as in many other fields where multivariate statistical analyses are employed. The author compares results obtained with four methods: covariance-based SEM with full information maximum likelihood (FIML), factor-based SEM with common factor model assumptions (FSEM1), factor-based SEM building on the PLS Regression algorithm (FSEM2), and PLS-SEM employing the Mode A algorithm (PLSA). The comparison suggests that FSEM1 yields path coefficients and loadings that are very similar to FIML's; and that FSEM2 yields path coefficients that are very similar to FIML's and loadings that are very similar to PLSA's.
Kock, Ned, "Structural equation modeling with factors and composites: A comparison of four methods" (2017). Business Faculty Publications. 59.