School-Located Influenza Vaccination and Absenteeism Among Elementary School Students in a Hispanic Community
Journal of School Nursing
Seasonal influenza is recognized as a significant health burden to children and is a cause of excess school absenteeism in children. In 2008, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommended annual influenza vaccination for all children 6 months to 18 years of age. School nurses influence participation in this recommendation by conducting school-located influenza vaccination (SLIV) programs at their campuses. Knowing the effect of SLIV programs on student absenteeism may motivate school nurses and district administrators to conduct such vaccination programs. This study examines the impact of an SLIV program on elementary school absenteeism in an inner city school district with a predominantly Hispanic population. Using Poisson regression models with robust standard errors, we analyzed data from 3,775 records obtained by stratified random sampling. Results of the study indicate that students vaccinated through an SLIV program have fewer absences than unvaccinated students. A surprising result of the study shows that students vaccinated through an SLIV program had fewer absences than students vaccinated elsewhere. These results are of particular importance to school nurses who work with large Hispanic populations. Our study illustrates one way that a school nurse can assess the effect of an SLIV program on absenteeism. © The Author(s) 2013.
Keck, Patricia C.; Ynalvez, Marcus Antonius; Gonzalez, Hector F.; and Castillo, Keila D., "School-Located Influenza Vaccination and Absenteeism Among Elementary School Students in a Hispanic Community" (2013). Social Sciences Faculty Publications. 26.