Criminal Threat, Immigrant/Minority Threat, and Political Ideology: An Examination of Handgun Permits Across Texas Counties
Social Science Quarterly
Objectives: To assess the extent to which crime, Hispanic-to-white population changes, black-to-white population changes, and conservative political appeals affect gun permit application rates across Texas counties. Methods: This article uses spatial lag regression and robust regression with county-level data to assess structural sources of variation in handgun permitting across Texas counties in 2016. Conclusions: Spatial and robust regression model results confirm that median incomes, Republican votes, and rising rates of Hispanic-to-white populations are significant predictors of handgun permit application rates. The results call attention to the centrality of Hispanic threat and the prevalence of partisan politics in aggregate permit-seeking processes.
Costanza, S. E.; Helms, Ronald; Kilburn, John C.; and Bowers, David A., "Criminal Threat, Immigrant/Minority Threat, and Political Ideology: An Examination of Handgun Permits Across Texas Counties" (2020). Social Sciences Faculty Publications. 5.